Tag: iolite


In the late fall of 2014, the author published a new book published by CreateSpace an Amazon company, describes dozens of colored gemstone, diamond, gold and other minerals and rocks. The book lets the reader in on secrets used to find raw gemstones, diamonds and goldin field. One of several hundred cryptovolcanic structures identified in the

Geology of Gemstone Deposits

Large chlorite pseudomorph after garnet found in the Sierra Madre Mountains, Wyoming. The chlorite slowly replacedthe garnet and accepted the garnet’s crystal form.  Much of Wyoming is underlain by Archean cratonic basement rocks and cratonized Proterozoic rocks that provide favorable geological environments for a variety of gemstones – notably diamond, iolite, ruby, sapphire, garnet, kyanite,


A rockhound from Riverton mentioned opal south of town. The Cedar Ridge deposit lies along the highway & is cut by numerous oil field roads, no one had recognized that this place had one of the largest opal deposits on earth! A few old geological reports from 50 years ago briefly mentioned opal, so I


A 16-carat iolite from Palmer Canyon, Wyoming. I discovered iolite (water sapphire) at Palmer Canyon in 1995. The iolite occurred with gem-quality kyanite in mica schist & gneiss adjacent to vermiculite that had enough silica to form these gems. I couldn’t believe the amount, size & beauty of the stones. The single, largest, iolite gemstone


Ruby & Sapphire are beautiful stones. In 1995, I discovered my first ruby-sapphire-corundum deposit mixed with iolite & kyanite at Palmer Canyon west of Wheatland. After I recognized this association of gems with a rock type known as vermiculite, I started searching other vermiculites. It turns out that vermiculite is a alteration product known as


A good understanding of geology, persistence & some luck can lead to incredible treasures. In 1977, I started work as a research geologist at the Wyoming Geological Survey in Laramie. Next to nothing was known about gemstones in the state, but over the years, I tracked down many mineral deposits & found some of the

Major Diamond and Colored Gemstone Deposits Found in US

MAJOR DIAMOND PROVINCE DISCOVEREDsee GEMHUNTER See also State Line Kimberlite Province showing locations of (1) Radichal kimberlite &Mineral Indicator Anomalies, (2) the Iron Mountain kimberlite district, (3) Schaffer, Aultman, Ferris kimberlites, (4) Keslsey Lake Kimberlites (5) Nix kimberlites, (6)Sloan kimberlites, (7) Estes park kimberlites, (8) Boulder Kimberlite, (9) Boden diamond placer. In between these are